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Glucose Transport

Glucose Transport

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USMLE STEP 1 Q&A

ABSITE KILLER Q&A

ABSITE Q&A ORGANIZED BY TOPIC

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MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION
QUESTION: The first step in the transport of sodium and glucose into a cell is:
.
a. Binding of specific secreted proteins to sodium in the surrounding extracellular space
b. Direct hydrolysis of ATP in the cytoplasm by the sodium-glucose transporter
c. Direct hydrolysis of ATP on the extracellular surface by the sodium-glucose coransporter
d. Binding of specific proteins in the membrane to sodium and glucose in the extracellular side.
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ANSWER: The answer is D.
– Choice A is wrong because there are no secreted proteins involved in the transport process
– Choices B and C are incorrect since ATP hydrolysis is not catalyzed by the Na/glucose cotransporter, but the Na/K ATPase that produces the Na gradient in the first place.
– Choice D is the only possible choice here: A membrane protein must bind sodium and glucose in the extracellular side of the membrane prior to transport.

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VIDEOS
http://www.brianthemountainram.com/sodium-glucose-cotransport

Insulin and the Regulation of Glucose in the Blood

Glucose Transport Proteins

Glucose transport

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REVIEW BOOKS

BOARD EXAM REVIEW BOOKS
MCAT Q&A .

USMLE STEP 1 Q&A .
USMLE STEP 2 Q&A:
USMLE STEP 2 CS Q&A:
USMLE STEP 3 Q&A:

ABSITE KILLER Q&A .
ABSITE Q&A ORGANIZED BY TOPIC .

GENERAL SUBJECTS
Advanced Trauma Life Support (The ATLS Guide).

Applied Physics in Medicine and Surgery:
Burn Management .

Commonly confused diagnoses and how to differentiate them :
Comparative Disease Statistics: (1)

Drug Mechanism of Action: Organized by Drug Name .
Drug Mechanism of Action: Organized by Mechanism .

Drug Side Effects: Organized by Drug Name:
Drug Side Effects: Organized by Side Effect:

Formulas, Equations, and Calculations: (2)
Head and Neck .

Most Commons in Medicine and Surgery.
Most Commons: Medical and Surgical Statistics .
Multiple Choice Questions: The Answer is A.
Multiple Choice Questions: The Answer is B:
Multiple Choice Questions: The answer is C:
Multiple Choice Questions: The answer is D:

Numbers in Medicine and Surgery .
Pathophysiology of Medical and Surgical Disease:
Plastic Surgery, Skin and Soft Tissues .
Percentages in Medicine and Surgery:

Surgical Indications:
Sports Medicine :
Statistics and Epidemiology in Medicine and Surgery.
Treatments:

SPECIFIC TOPICS
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm .
ABO Blood Groups :
Achalasia :
Air embolism:
Anticoagulation:

Aortic Bypass Grafts .
Acute Pancreatitis .
Acute Renal Failure:
Adrenal Gland .
Anal Cancer : (1)
Anesthesia .
Antibiotics .
Antibodies:
Anticoagulation:
Aortic Bypass Grafts .
Aortic Dissection .
Appendicitis .
Arterial bypass :
Arterial thrombosis:
Atherosclerosis .
Adrenal Gland .
Aspirin:
ATLS: Primary Survey.

B
Back Pain :
Barrett’s Esophagus:
Bile:
Biotechnology:
Bladder Injuries and Bladder Rupture:
Blood Products.
Blood Products and Transfusion Reactions .
Blood Transfusion .
Breast .
Breast Anatomy .
Breast Cancer .
Biochemistry .
Burn Management .
Calcium .

C
Cancer .
Cancer Risk Factors:
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning:
Carcinogens:
Cardiac Surgery .
Cardiogenic Shock:
Carotid Endarterectomy (CEA) .
Cell Biology:
Cellular Metabolism .
Cervical Cancer: (1)
Charcoal Use in Drug Overdose:
Chest Pain :
Cholangitis:
Cholecystitis .
Chronic Pancreatitis:
Chronic Renal Failure:
Chronic Venous Insufficiency, Venous Stasis Ulcers, Chronic Foot Ulcers .
Cirrhosis: (1)
Coagulation factors :
Coagulation pathways: Intrinsic pathway and Extrinsic pathway:
Colectomy:
Colon cancer (colorectal cancer):
Colorectal Surgery .
Common Bile Duct:
Condyloma Acuminata (Anal Warts):
Contrast Nephropathy:
Coumadin (Warfarin):
Creatinine:
Crohn’s Disease:
– Living with Crohn’s Disease.
Cryptorchidism and Undescended Testicles* .

D
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) :
Diaphragmatic Injuries:
Diet:
Diverticulitis:
Diverticulosis:
DNA .
Dumping Syndrome:
Duodenal Injuries, Duodenal Perforation, Duodenal Hematoma .

E
End Tidal CO2:
Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) (2)
Esophageal Leiomyomas: (2)
Estrogen :

F
Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP):
Family History :
Fluid resuscitation:
Fluids: (3)
Fluids and Electrolytes .
Fibromuscular dysplasia :
Fluid Resuscitation:
Focal Nodular Hyperplasia (FNH):

G
Gallbladder:
Gallstone Ileus:
Gastric Cancer (Gastric Adenocarcinoma) :
Gastric Lymphoma: (2)
Gastritis :
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):
Gastrointestinal Bleeding:
Gastrointestinal Hormones .
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST):
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS score):
Gleevec (Imitanib): (2)
Glucose

H
Heart Disease :
Hematology .
Hemorrhage :
Hemorrhoids :
Hemothorax :
Heparin:
Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia:
Hepatic Adenoma (Liver Adenoma):(1)
Hepatic Artery Thrombisis:
Hepatic Vein Thrombosis:
Hepatitis: (2)
Hepatocellular Carcinoma: (2)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC):
Hernias:
Hiatal Hernias:
Hypercalcemia:
Hyperkalemia:
Hypernatremia :
Hyperparathyroidism:
Hypertension .
Hyperthyroidism:
Hypocalcemia:
Hypokalemia:
Hyponatremia:
Hypotension:
Hypovolemia:
Hirschsprung’s Disease .

I
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura)(ITP) .
Ileus:
Immunology .
Immunology, Absite Review .
Infections .
Inguinal Hernias .
Inguinal Hernia Repair .
Intraoperative Complications:

K
Kaposi’s Sarcoma: (1)
Keloids and hypertrophic scars:

L
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy :
Leukemia: (1)
Liver .
Liver Trauma, Liver Injury, Liver Laceration .
Liver Abscess: (2)
Liver failure:
Liver Transplantation.
Lung Transplantation:
Lymphatic system and Lymph nodes :
Lymphedema :
Lymph node dissection:
Lymphocytes : (3)
Lymphoma: (3)

M
Macrophages:
Malrotation and Midgut Volvulus .
MELD score :
Mesenteric Ischemia :
Metabolism .
Metastasis and Metastatic Cancer:
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasias (MENI, MENIIa, MENIIb):
Myocardial Infarction:

N
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: (1)
Numbers in Medicine and Surgery :
Nutrition and Metabolism .

O
Oncogenes :
Oncology .
Orthopedic Surgery .

P
Parathyroid gland:
Pediatric Trauma :
Pelvic Fracture:
Pericardial Tamponade:
Peripheral Vascular Disease .
Pheochromocytoma:
Physiology:
Platelets:
Pneumothorax .
Pneumothorax (Open pneumothorax) .
Pneumothorax (Tension pneumothorax) .
Post Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder (PTLD): (2)
Potassium:
Proteins and Enzymes .
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs)
PTFE and Dacron Prosthetic Grafts :
Pulmonary Embolism .
Pulmonary Hypertension :

R
Radiation therapy :
Radiologic signs:
Renal failure
– Acute Renal Failure:
– Chronic Renal Failure):
Renal Transplantation:
Rhabdomyolysis and Myoglobinuria:

S
Short gut syndrome (Short bowel syndrome):
Small Intestines (Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum)
Splenic Trauma, Splenic Injury, and Splenic Rupture .
Small Bowel Obstruction:
Sphincters:
Splenectomy:
Splenic Vein Thrombosis:
Statistics and Epidemiology in Medicine and Surgery.
Streptococcus:
Stomach.
Succinycholine:
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome (SVC Syndrome):
Surgical Infections .
Syncope:

T
T cells : (4)
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) .
Thoracic Surgery .
Thoracotomy :
Thrombocytopenia:
Thromboelastogram (TEG) :
Thrombolytics and Thrombolysis:
Transplant Immunology:
Transplant Rejection:
Transplantation .

U
Unresectable Cancer:
Urology .
Ulcerative colitis:

V
Vagus Nerve:
Varicose veins:
VIPoma .
Vitamins :

W
Wound Healing .
Wuchereria bancrofti and Filariasis :

Z
Zenker’s diverticulum:

: means these topics are in the works
. means topics are almost completely finished and will be included in the next updated version of this ebook, which can be downloaded free

You may request additional topics by sending an email to absitereviewquestions@gmail.com

SOURCE
Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery .
Rush Review of Surgery .
The Practice ABSITE Question Book .
Surgery PreTest Self-Assessment and Review .
USMLE Step 2 Secrets
BRS Pathology
BRS Physiology
Pocket notebook EM
Hospitalist Handbook
SOAP Internal Medicine
First aid for the wards
CCS history and physical
Mont reid surgical handbook
Surgical recall
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.
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